传真天师杜光庭Chuan Zhen Tian Shi Du Guang Ting
Taoist Du Guang Ting was a native of Ben Chu Zhou (本处州). He was diligent, curious and knowledgeable about classics and philosophical works. During the period of Emperor Yi Zong (懿宗) of Tang Dynasty, his failure in the Imperial Examinations was his life’s major turning point: he became a Taoist and a disciple of Master Ying Yi Jie (应夷节) in Tian Tai Mountain (天台山). During that time, Du found that a lot of teachings and information handed down by Zu Tian Shi and Lu Xiu Jing (陆修静) were made erroneous as time lapsed. He then reorganized and annotated the materials with proper citation, as well as deleting all forged documents. His works were being recommended to Emperor Tang Xi Zong (僖宗). The Emperor appointed him a senior position as “Lin De Dian Wen Zhang Ying Zhi” (麟德殿文章应制) for writing him poems and other literary works. Soon, Du also became a leader in Taoism. Later because of wars, he sought refuge to Shu (蜀), now Sichuan, and settled in there. At that time, Wang Jian (王建), founder of the later Kingdom of Shu, appreciated Du for his exceptional abilities and granted him prestigious titles such as “Guang De Xian Sheng” (广德先生), “Jin Zi Dai Fu” (金紫大夫) as well as “Jian Yi Dai Fu” (谏议大夫). Du also received a nobility position as “Cai Guo Gong” (蔡国公) and a name as “Guang Cheng Xian Shen” (广成先生), for all his great achievements and contributions. During the reign of Emperor Yan (衍), Du was formally named as “Chuan Zhen Tian Shi”(传真天师) and “Chong Wen Guan Da Xue Shi” (崇文馆大学士), a position equivalent to the Emperor’s senior secretariat.