纯佑帝君Chun You Di Jun
(Also known as: Liu Cao (刘操), Hai Chan (海蟾), Zhao Yuan (昭远))
Liu Cao (刘操) was a Taoist of Wu Guo Period (五国) (907 AD – 960 AD) from Yan Shan (燕山). He was a talented scholar, interested in the study of Huang Lao (黄老); and worked as the Prime Minister for Liu Shou Guang (刘守光), a local king in Yan (燕). One day, a taoist self-addressed as Zheng Yang Zi (正阳子) came for a visit and asked for ten eggs and ten coins. He put an egg on top of a coin in alternate layers until they formed a shape like a tower. Master Liu was astonished and thought that the eggs in danger. The Taoist replied that as Liu was living in big fortunes and vanity, he was in fact in a more dangerous position. The Taoist then picked the eggs, dropped the coins onto the floor and left. All of a sudden, Liu Cao was awakened to see what a situation he was in, he immediately resigned from politics and lived in seclusion in Hua Mountain (华山) and Zhong Nan Mountain (终南山). Thereafter, he followed Master Zhong Li Quan and Master Lu Zu; and became one of the Northern Five Masters. Emperor Yuan Shi Zu bestowed him a title as “Hai Chan Ming Wu Hong Dao Zhen Jun” (海蟾明悟弘道真君) and Emperor Yuan Wu Zong further honoured him as “Hai Chan Ming Wu Hong Dao Chun You Di Jun” (海蟾明悟弘道纯佑帝君).